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基于SBE和BIB_LCJ下的城市滨水景观影响因素分析 —以莆田市仙游县木兰溪为例
徐伟振,张艳钦,王心怡,刘凡,兰宇翔,傅伟聪,董建文
0
(福建农林大学艺术学院 园林学院(合署),福州 350002;福建农林大学艺术学院 园林学院(合署),福州 350002; 国家林业局森林公园工程技术研究中心,福州 350002)
摘要:
为探究滨水景观要素对公众审美的影响,以莆田市仙游县木兰溪为例,应用SBE法、BIB-LCJ法进行景观要素量化分析、景观美景度评价并构建美景度模型。结果表明:(1)SBE法和BIB-LCJ法的评价结果较为相近,BIB-LCJ评价结果可辅助滨水景观模型构建。(2)驳岸类型、绿视率、植物整齐度、总体协调性和园路形态5个景观要素对美景度值有显著影响,河岸线形态感、整体景观色彩对比、野趣程度及景观层次感等7个要素对美景度有一定影响。 (3)从构建的美景度模型中可以看出,景观总体协调性在所有要素中的贡献度最高,达到33.2%;其次则是植物整齐度,贡献度为24.6%;绿视率、驳岸类型和园路形态贡献率分别为17.2%、13.1%和11.9%;其中,总体协调性、植物整齐度和绿视率的贡献度均达到10%以上。通过以上两种评价方法能够更好地量化分解影响公众审美的景观要素,从而获得更加客观的公众评价。在此基础上所提出相对应的优化策略,可以为未来的滨水景观建设提供参考。
关键词:  滨水景观  SBE法  BIB-LCJ法  景观评价  木兰溪
DOI:10.13610/j.cnki.1672-352x.20220301.001
基金项目:福建省教育厅中青年项目(科技类)(JAT190147)和福建农林大学科技发展基金(115/KFA17332A)共同资助。
Analysis of influencing factors of urban waterfront landscape based on SBE and BIB-LCJ —A case study of Mulan Creek in Xianyou County, Putian City
XU Weizhen,ZHANG Yanqin,WANG Xinyi,LIU Fan,LAN Yuxiang,FU Weicong,DONG Jianwen
(College of Arts College of Landscape Architecture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002;College of Arts College of Landscape Architecture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002; Engineering and Technology Research Center for Forest Parks, State Forestry Administration, Fuzhou 350002)
Abstract:
In order to explore the impact of waterfront landscape elements on public aesthetic appreciation, we used SBE and BIB-LCJ methods to quantitatively analyze of landscape elements, evaluate landscape beauty degree and construct a landscape beauty degree model, taking Mulan Creek in Xianyou County, Putian City as an example. The results showed as follows: (1) The evaluation results of SBE method and BIB-LCJ method were similar, and the evaluation results of BIB-LCJ could assist the model construction; (2) Five landscape elements, including revetment type, green visibility, plant uniformity, overall coordination and garden road form, had significant effects on the beauty degree, while seven elements, including riverbank line form sense, overall landscape color contrast, wild interest degree and landscape hierarchy sense, had certain effects on the beauty degree. (3) As can be seen from the constructed beauty degree model, the contribution of overall landscape coordination was the highest among all elements, reaching 33.2%; the second was plant uniformity, which contributed 24.6%. The contribution of green view rate, revetment type and garden road form was 17.2%, 13.1% and 11.9%, respectively; among them, the contribution of overall coordination, plant uniformity and green vision rate all reached more than 10%. The above two evaluation methods can better quantify and decompose the landscape elements that affect the public aesthetics, so as to obtain a more objective public evaluation. On this basis, the corresponding optimization strategies are put forward, which can provide references for the future waterfront landscape construction.
Key words:  waterfront landscape  SBE method  BIB-LCJ method  landscape evaluation  Mulan Creek

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