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国外多功能乡村转型研究综述
陈晓华,黄永燕
0
(安徽建筑大学建筑与规划学院,安徽省城镇化发展研究中心,合肥 230022)
摘要:
多功能乡村转型是新时代乡村进入转型发展的新阶段,是乡村地理学研究的重要课题。乡村地域的内部与外部环境发生显著变化,呈现出多元化和多功能化的发展态势。基于多功能乡村转型内涵的辨析,从转型路径与内容、驱动因素及机制、转型趋势及困境等方面总结归纳了国外多功能乡村转型研究进程。欧美日韩等发达国家较早关注多功能乡村转型研究,并从多功能农业逐步向多功能乡村转型深入,逐渐融合地理学、经济学、社会学、景观生态学和生物学等多学科理论与方法,研究涉及全球、国家、区域和乡村及农场等多层次空间尺度。国外多功能乡村转型研究为我国乡村发展与规划研究提供了借鉴和启示,可为我国乡村振兴战略实施和乡村特色化、差异化发展提供参考。
关键词:  多功能农业  多功能乡村转型  驱动因素  国外
DOI:10.13610/j.cnki.1672-352x.20210909.015
投稿时间:2021-04-21
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51778002)和安徽省高校省级自然科学重点研究项目(KJ2020A0459)共同资助。
Review of study on multifunctional rural transformation abroad
CHEN Xiaohua,HUANG Yongyan
(Research Center of Anhui Urbanization Development, School of Architecture and Planning, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230022)
Abstract:
Multifunctional rural transformation is a new stage of rural transformation and development in the new era, which is an important topic of rural geography. The internal and external environment of rural areas has changed significantly, showing a diversified and multifunctional development trend. Based on the analysis of the connotation of multifunctional rural transformation, this paper summarizes the research process of multifunctional rural transformation abroad from the aspects of transformation paths and contents, driving factors and mechanisms, transformation trend and difficulties. Developed countries such as Europe, America, Japan and South Korea have paid attention to the research of multifunctional rural transformation earlier, and gradually transformed from multifunctional agriculture to multifunctional rural. They have gradually integrated the theories and methods of geography, economics, sociology, landscape ecology and biology, and the research has involved multi-level spatial scales such as global, national, regional, rural and farm. The multifunctional rural transformation studies abroad provide reference and inspiration for the study of rural development and planning, and can provide references for the implementation of rural revitalization strategy and rural characteristics and differentiated development in China.
Key words:  multifunctional agriculture  multifunctional rural transformation  driving factors  abroad

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