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福州市城中山与城周山木本植物多样性比较研究
李慧,陈颐,林开泰,傅伟聪,李民振,董建文
0
(福建农林大学园林学院,福州 350000)
摘要:
采用典型抽样法,比较福州市城中山与城周山木本植物多样性的特性,以提供相同规模城市在永续发展经营时对生物多样性的应用。结果显示城中山有木本植物99种(品种),其中乔木57种,灌木47种,隶属于43科79属;城周山有木本植物165种,其中乔木112种,灌木59种,隶属于51科123属。城中山与城周山木本植物多样性比较显示重要值较高的物种,频度也相应较高,乔木物种丰富度均大于灌木,且城周山乔木层Margalef指数接近城中山的两倍,从城区到城市周边,物种丰富度呈上升趋势,Shannon-Wiener指数,Simpson指数和Pielou指数均呈现相同的趋势。
关键词:  福州市  城中山  城周山  木本植物  多样性
DOI:10.13610/j.cnki.1672-352x.20151224.007
投稿时间:2015-09-21
基金项目:国家林业公益性行业科研专项“美丽城镇森林景观的构建技术研究与示范”(201404301)资助。
A comparative study on woody plant diversity in the central and border mountain areas of Fuzhou city
LI Hui,CHEN Yi,LIN Kaitai,FU Weicong,LI Minzhen,DONG Jianwen
(College of Landscape Architecture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350000)
Abstract:
In this study, the typical sampling method was used to compare woody plant diversity in the central and border mountain areas of Fuzhou city to offer a practical method for a sustainability management of plant diversity for other cities similar to Fuzhou city. The results showed that there are 99 woody plant species containing 57 tree and 47 shrub types in the central mountain area of Fuzhou city. These plants belong to 43 families and 79 genera. In the border mountain area, there are 165 woody plant species, including 112 tree and 59 shrub types and belonging to 51 families and 123 genera. A two-plot comparative sampling results indicated that a significant correlation existed between the species value and its frequency and the higher the importance value of species, the greater the appearance frequency. In the meantime, the tree’s Margarlef index showed the same tendency as the value of species. The Margarlef index for the trees in the border mountain area was almost two times greater than the trees located in the central area. In addition, the Shannon-Wiener and Simpson indexes associated with Pielou index showed the same tendency as the Margarlef index.
Key words:  Fuzhou city  the central mountain area  the border mountain area  woody plant  diversity

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