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基于农地非农化理论的农地保护分析
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摘要:
指出竞租理论和边际收益-成本理论为农地非农化的经典理论,并以此为基础从经济学的角度分析农地非农化的经济诱因:农地经济比较效益低下,农地非农化价格低以及农地外部成本没有内部化而由社会承担.据此,提出农地保护的若干理念:提高农地比较利益,同时降低建设用地比较利益;修正扭曲的农转非市场价格;设定农地外部效益产权,把此项权利界定给农地经营者即农民,并允许流转.
关键词:  农地非农化  农地保护  竞租理论  边际收益-成本理论
DOI:
投稿时间:2007-01-29
基金项目:安徽省财政厅项目
Analysis on farmland conversion and countermeasures of agricultural land protection
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Abstract:
The economic inducement of the conversion of farmland into nonagricultural land was analyzed based on the classical theory of bid rent and marginal returns-cost.It shows that there exists lower farmland comparative benefits and expropriation cost;also the external benefits of farmland conversion are not being realized.The countermeasures of farmland protection were put forward from theoretical reasoning: farmland expropriation cost should be increased;ecological value and social value should be included in farmland conversion price;and the property of farmland external benefits which owned by peasants should be enacted and transferred.
Key words:  farmland conversion  agricultural land protection  bid rent model  marginal returns-cost model

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