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杂交水稻及其双亲种子活力的研究
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摘要:
研究杂交水稻汕优63和协估64及其双亲的新种子活力。结果表明:杂交水稻种子较其双亲具有明显的发芽优势,但抗老化及田间成苗能力因组合而异。汕优63抗老化和田间成苗能力相对较弱,而协优64则具有较强的抗老化能力和较高的田间成活率。在发芽率较高且相近的情况下,种子的相对电导率(去壳)与田间成苗率存在正相关(r=0.730)。种子裂壳率的高低是其活力差异的原因之一。探讨了咎子活力测定方法,认为在目前尚无标
关键词:  杂交水稻 双亲 种子活力 成苗率
DOI:
基金项目:
Study on Seed Vigor of Hybrid Rice and Its Parents
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Abstract:
The seed of hybrid of Shanyou63,Xieyou64 was found to be superior on germination,ageing resistance and the rate of seedling to those of their parents,but the ageing resistance and the rate of seedling of Shanyou63 were lower than those of Xieyou64.The relative electrical conductivity of dehisced seed was positively correlated with the rate of seedling (r=0 730) while the seed germination percentage was high.Seed vigor was affected by the rate of dehiscent chaff.Testing methods on seed vigor were discussed.It was found effective to determine the seed vigor using ageing test along with electrical conductivity method.
Key words:  Hybrid rice Seed vigor Rate of seedling

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