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安徽省家鸡寄生蠕虫調查研究
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摘要:
依据调查结果,安徽省家鸡寄生蠕虫计36种,隶属于14科20属。其中吸虫6科7属11种;绦虫4科7属14种(含2个未定种);线虫4科6属11种。在所获虫种中,小型漏带绦虫Choanotaenia parvus和合肥异剌线虫Heterakis hefeinsis为新种;安德烈戴绞绦虫Davainea andrei和热带变带绦虫Amoebotaenia tropica为国内新纪录;东方杯叶吸虫Cyathocotyle orientalis、鲁氏前殖吸虫Prasthogonimus rudolphi火鸡异剌线虫Heterakis releagris以家鸡为宿主在国内属首次报道;分枝膜壳绦虫Hymenolepis cantaniana、少睾变带绦虫Amoebotaeniaoligorchis等7个虫种为安徽省新纪录。此外,对各种寄生蠕虫的感染虫率、感染强度、混合感染情况以及优势虫种等方面也作了记述。
关键词:  寄生蠕虫,家鸡,感染率,感染强度
DOI:
基金项目:
SURVEY ON HELMINTH PARASITES OF CHICKEN IN ANHUI
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Abstract:
A survey on the parasitic helminths of chicken was conducted in 8 counties(or cities)of Anhui Province from the year of 1984 to 1988. Through the examination of 95 chicken, 11 species of trematodes(belonging to 7 genera, 6 families), 14 species of cestodes (belonging to 7 genera, 4 families) and 11 species of nematodes(belonging to 6 genera, 4 families) have been found. Among them, Choanotaenia parvus and Heterakis hefeiensis are new species; Davainea andrei and Amoebotaenia tropica are reported for the first time in China; and Cyathocotyle orientalis, Prasthogenimus rudophi, Hymenolepis cantaniana, Amoebotaenia oiigorchis, Diorchis sp., Anomotaenia sp. and Heterakis meleagris are recorded for the first time in Anhui Province. Chicken is found for the first time to serve as the host of Cyathocotyle orientalis, Prasthogenimus rudophi and Heterakis meleagris in China.
Key words:  Helminth parasite,Chicken,Incidence,Infectivity.

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