为弄清安徽省万佛山国家森林公园昆虫病原真菌物种多样性，分别于2007年7月、2008年8月和2017年6月对万佛山国家森林公园自然罹病昆虫标本进行了调查研究。共采集标本312份，分离得到昆虫病原真菌248个菌株，经鉴定隶属于6科10属23种。其中棒束孢属Isaria为优势属，共分离出6种170株，菌株相对多度为68.55%，优势种群为细脚棒束孢Isaria tenuipes、球孢白僵菌Beauveria bassiana和斜链棒束孢I. cateniobliquus。由此表明，万佛山国家森林公园不同年份夏季昆虫病原真菌物种丰富，多样性指数较高，7月份和8月份采集的昆虫病原真菌菌株多于6月份，但6月份采集的昆虫病原真菌多样性指数和均匀度都较高。
The community diversity of entomopathogenic fungi was investigated in Wanfo Mountain National Forest Park in Anhui Province in July 2007, August 2008 and June 2017. In total, 312 specimens were collected, 248 strains were isolated and identified as 23 species belonging to 10 genera and 6 families. Among them, the dominant genus was Isaria, in which 170 strains of 6 species were isolated, accounting for 68.55% of all isolations. The main components of the community were of I. tenuipes, Beauveria bassiana and I. cateniobliquus. The results showed that the species of entomopathogenic fungi were abundant, and the diversity index was high in Wanfo Mountain National Forest Park in summer. The specimens of entomopathogenic fungi were richer in July and August than that in June. However, the diversity index and evenness of entomopathogenic fungi collected in June were higher than those in other seasons.