Households and new agricultural business entities, the major users of arable land, have different adaptation to the change of the arable land management environment after land consolidation. In this paper, we identified the differences in the adaptability of different agricultural?operators to the change of the arable land management environment after land consolidation using the input-output ratio. The results indicated that the adaptation of the arable land households to the change of the management environment after land consolidation was poor. New agricultural business entities have obvious advantages over regular households with a higher input-output ratio than the households. Therefore, we suggested that the land consolidation project should be carried out in the land transfer area, aiming at developing new agricultural business entities, promoting the land transfer and?modern?agriculture, and boosting the urbanization of the agricultural population in these areas.